General Paulino Santos Timeline

(I’ve been reading up on the hero General Paulino Santos, leading pioneer of settlements into Mindanao during the American occupation and namesake of General Santos City, for a writing project. I’ve been making a timeline of his life, which I will make available here. 

(The timeline is not yet complete, and I will update this post when I finish it. My primary source is the book ‘General Paulino Santos: His Journey through History,’ a very intimate recollection of the man’s life by his two late daughters Isabel A. Santos and Rosa Santos Munda, and his grandson Amado Santos Munda Jr. I owe the copy to the latter, for which I am very grateful.)

General Paulino Santos: Timeline

22 June 1890 – Born in Camiling, Tarlac to Remigio Santos and Rosa Torres

1905 – Graduated seventh grade elementary

1905-1907 – taught as elementary school teacher in Camiling and Gerona, Tarlac, Quit as a teacher to enlist in the US Navy. Cholera epidemic made it impossible to enlist

1909 – Enlisted in 1st General Services

1910 – assigned orderly under Charles Dickenson, Secretary of War, on his visit to the Philippines

(unspecified time later) – detailed to acting Chief of Philippine Constabulary, Gen. James C. Harbord

1912 – discharged honourably as a Sergeant, continued working under Harbord as clerk

1914 – left Harbord’s service

15 February, 1914 – took entrance exam for Constabulary School, ranked 2nd place. Commissioned as 3rd Lieutenant

30 April, 1914 – Graduated from Constabulary Officers’ School as head of class

(unspecified time later) – stationed in Malolos, Bulacan as junior officer to 1st Lt. C. Cerquella

(unspecified time later) – ‘unfortunate incident with the Governor of Bulacan,’ transferred to District of Mindanao and Sulu: Mati, Davao as junior officer under Lt. BD. Valeriano of the 4th Davao Company

(unspecified time later) – transferred to Lanao as junior officer under Lt. W.A. Sirmon of the 4th Moro Company, then engaged in a campaign against outlaws

(unspecified time during the campaign) – got a spear wound in the left hand

1916 – End of campaign against outlaws in Lanao, 4th Moro Company moves to Sta Cruz, Davao

March 1917 – assigned to Gnassi, Lanao.

1917 – Promoted to Station Commander and Deputy Governor of Gnassi

1917 – the Bayang incident: Company lead by a Col. Waloe, initiated an assault against Moro rebel groups in Bayang cotta. Santos pleads to lead the platoon that would place the scaling ladders on the fortress walls. The assault is a success. Santos is shot near-fatally on the neck

(unspecified time later) – took a medical leave, went home to Bulacan

22 January 1918 – married to Elisa Angeles, his childhood love

(shortly after) – recalled back to duty, made Station Commander and Deputy Governor of the District of Tamparan, Lanao del Sur. Was made Captain

1 October 1918 – birth of Rosa, their first daughter (later Rosa Santos Munda)

March 1919 – assigned to Sulu (first Filipino officer there) as deputy governor

(unspecified time later) – uprising in Basilan, Zamboanga. Santos is ordered to relieve Lt. Col A.S Fletcher as commanding officer. Uprising controlled in two weeks

August 1920 – returned to Lanao, made provincial commander and provincial governor (first Filipino in the post) following unexpected retirement of the sitting Major M.L. Stephens

(unspecified time later) – resigned as governor over policy differences with Philippine Governor General Leonard Wood. Remained commander of the battalion in Camp Keithley, Dansalan

13 November 1921 – birth of daughter Isabel

8 November 1922 – birth of daughter Lourdes

12 November 1923 – birth of eldest son Paulino Jr. Baptism in Dansalan attended by Sultan Alonto and Sultan Sa Ramain

1923 – Promoted to Major

March 1924 – appointed adjutant of the Constabulary, with office in Binondo, Manila

26 February, 1926 – birth of son Remigio

13 January 1927 – birth of daughter Elisa

4 September 1928 – birth of youngest child Jose

15 October 1930 – stepped down as adjutant of the Constabulary

16 October 1930 – promoted to lieutenant Colonel, appointed assistant district commander, Southern Luzon

22 December 1930 – sworn in as Director of Bureau of Prisons (convinced by Governor General Dwight F. Davis, appointed by Secretary of Justice Jose Abad Santos)

12 February 1931 – Senate President Manuel Quezon writes to express disappointment at Santos’ retirement from the military, revealed his plans to appoint Santos as chief of staff

14 January 1932 – SS Mactan, carrying Santos and other Bureau of Penitentiaries officials, lands in Davao – Davao Penal colony construction begins with taming the wilderness

21 January 1932 – founding of Davao Penal Colony, first penal colony founded by a Filipino

April 1932 – return to Davao to continue work on the Penal Colony

March 1933 – left for Europe to make a tour of penitentiaries around Europe and US, on board the Italian liner Conte Verde. On board too were Quezon and Carlos P. Romulo, on the way to US to negotiate Philippine independence

23 March 1933 – first meeting of the independence mission on board the Conte Verde, Santos sits in

6 April 1933 – Conte Verde arrives in Venice. Santos splits with the independence mission and travels to Vienna, Berlin, Paris
(sometime later) – cancels trip to London (changes in ship schedule), flies from Berlin to Paris

14 April 1933 – Departs by train with Quezon from Paris to Le Havre. On board the train, Quezon meets with Sergio Osmena for the first time. Santos sits in.

17 April 1933 – On board the French Liner ‘Ile de France,’ departing Le Havre bound for Plymouth, England

23 April 1933 – ‘Ile de France’ arrives in New York from Plymouth.

26 April 1933 – luncheon with the independence missions and with Governor General Frank Murphy. Murphy tells Santos to visit Detroit

(sometime later) – went to Washington, visited the Federal Correction Camp, Fort Eustace, Virginia

(unspecified time) – visited District of Columbia Penal Institution at Lawton, Virginia: he models his reforms after this institution

25 May 1933 – left Washington for New York

(sometime later) – visited Sing-sing prison, House of Corrections for Women

(unspecified time) – visited Detroit House of Correction, then the Federal Penal Farm in Milan, Michigan

(unspecified time) – visited the Jackson State Penitentiary

(May-October 1933) – visited Chicago, in time for the Chicago World Fair
August 1933 – returns to Manila

(unspecified time later) – plans begin to move the Bilibid prison from Azcarraga Street to Muntinlupa


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